KDM Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Fabrication
Our team of experts can transform sheet metal with processes such as bending, cutting, welding, riveting, brazing, etc. We can serve projects ranging from huge structural projects and construction to intricate telecommunications and electronics applications.
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KDM stainless steel sheet metal fabrication is a process of turning stainless steel sheets into metal products or structures. This metal is one of the materials of choice for various industries. We work with different stainless steel grades such as 301, 316, 430, 304, 405, and so on.
Stainless steel sheet exhibits good features such as good corrosion resistance, mechanical properties, low-temperature strength, and heat resistance. These are versatile and affordable. It is easy to work with, highly machinable, and adaptable to custom applications.
Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Series
SS Sheet Metal Cabinet is perfect for storing and keeping dishware, drinkware, chinaware, etc. It comes in sliding, open, and swinging door choices. This product is built in a heavy-duty material.
Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Fabrication Advantage
SS sheet metal fabrication comes with various grades and surface finish that makes them more corrosion resistant. Stainless steel is not easily corroding, rust, or stain.
Stainless steel is great for sanitary conditions because they are easy to keep clean. It is widely utilized in pharmaceutical research and commercial kitchens.
Custom stainless-steel sheets are easy to work with. They are easy to weld, bend, and cut. KDM has an advanced manufacturing facility to perform these processes.
Stainless steel contains 10.5% chromium which gives the metal anti-staining properties. These properties make the metal more durable and aesthetics.
Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Properties
Stainless steel is consisting of less than 10.5% chromium. It gives the steel alloy anti-staining and anti-corrosion properties. However, the resistance of the stainless steel depends on its content. Overall, KDM stainless steel sheet metal fabrication provides shiny and tough characteristics.
Moreover, custom stainless steel varies in different grades and surface finishes to become more corrosion-resistant. It works well when exposed to low air circulation, high salinity, and many other demanding environments.
Stainless Steel Grades
Stainless steel sheet metal fabrications involve choosing the right materials carefully. There are numerous SS grades to choose from, including:
- Austenitic 200 Series: It is made of manganese, carbon, chromium, or nickel.
- Austenitic 300 Series: The most weldable, corrosion-resistant, and ductile among stainless steel types.
- Duplex: Duplex stainless steel is stronger than austenitic.
- Ferritic: These grades provide ease of engineering.
- Martensitic: This type of stainless steel is easy to machine and is very strong.
Applications and Industries
Almost all industries utilized KDM stainless steel sheet fabrication, such as:
KDM custom stainless-steel sheet comes in a wide range of types and thicknesses. Send us your requirements for your custom needs.
Why KDM Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Fabrication
KDM has an advanced manufacturing facility to handle stainless steel sheet metal fabrication. Depending on the industry, stainless steel provides unique benefits for metal manufacturing projects. It is easy to work with, maintenance-free, sustainable, has high corrosion resistance, and has temperature resistance. Great for hygienic products in pharmaceutical research, beverage, and food processing.
KDM has rich experience in sheet metal fabrication with stainless steel materials. Our experiences, training, and expertise allow us to perform different fabrication processes. Our custom stainless-steel sheet metal fabrication ensures to match your different requirements.
Choose KDM for your next metal fabrication projects!
Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Fabrication Supplier – KDM
KDM offers numerous surface treatments applicable for stainless steel sheet metal fabrication, such as:
- Bead Blasting: This treatment provides a uniform and smooth matte finish. The bead blasting finish is applied for cosmetic use.
- Powder Coating: It can provide a robust and excellent surface finish. This process improves anti-corrosion properties, especially for 301 and 304 stainless steel.
- Standard: This process keeps the original state of the components after forming and bending.
KDM stainless steel sheet metal fabrication involves different processes, including:
- Cutting: There are different methods for cutting different thicknesses and types of stainless steel. It includes shearing, punch press, laser cutting, and photochemical machining.
- Hemming: This process is joining the parts together. It can improve the appearance, reinforced the part’s edge, or increase the strength.
- Bending: It involves a die and punch type setup. It comes with various geometries to produce varied different shapes.
Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Fabrication for Different Industry
KDM has rich experience in fabricating stainless steel for different building systems, including plumbing, HVAC, and roofing. Stainless steel provides density, strength, and corrosion resistance, suitable to create different components for building applications.
KDM has excellent lead times and quick communication from the team. They are very interested to work with us to get our design improved.
Our company is working with KDM for 5 years. Our relationship with KDM is excellent. They not only supply excellent product but also provides professional service without hesitation.
KDM really has a great attribute in our company by supplying us with the materials with very short lead times.
Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Fabrication
Today’s guide will focus on fundamental aspects of stainless steel sheet fabrication process.
It covers processes, material grade, surface treatment and stainless steel parts amongst others.
Keep reading to learn more.
It is the process of cutting, forming or joining various stainless steel sheet to make a final product.
Stainless steel sheet metal fabrication is very significant to the metal making industry.
This is because it is very easy to weld and control and it has no waste due to the fact that it can be recycled over and over again.
It is resistant to rust and that is why it is the most preferred material and end product.
It is a popular material which is used for many applications and across a wide range of industries.
A Product of Stainless Sheet Fabrication
The 300 series alloys: It is also referred to as austenitic stainless steel and are easy to weld, easy to form and are very ductile.
They have more chromium and nickel contents hence an increased resistance to corrosion when compared to standard steel.
They are normally preferred for the food industries because they are very easy to maintain and clean.
The 300 Series Alloy
Stainless Steel 301: It is cheaper compared to 304 stainless steel and can be used as an alternative. It is made up of less chromium and nickel content with more carbon content to resist corrosion when compared to other grades.
It can be used to build parts for applications such as appliance enclosures and trains.
Stainless Steel 304: This grade contains a structure similar to that of austenitic crystal and is popularly used by a wide range of industries globally.
304 stainless steel is often amalgamated with 18 to 8 stainless steels with slight changes in elements.
It can resist corrosion to a certain level and it is easy to handle and can be used in applications.
That is like in food industries to make end products such as tanks and structural bracketing.
Stainless steel grade 304 is versatile, and has a high tensile strength (621 MPa).
Stainless steel grade 304 has an operating temperature of about 870˚C and is resistant to chemical.
Stainless Steel 304
Stainless Steel 316: It is an austenitic grade of stainless steel which has molybdenum making more resistant to corrosion.
It is very easy to weld and form and maybe used in making parts that are prone to corrosion such as marine equipment or chemical tanks.
Grade 316 stainless steel is popular because it has a high tensile strength (579 MPa) and an operating temperature of about 800˚C.
It is resistant to chlorides like salt, hence can be used with applications that are exposed to chlorides like salt.
Grade 330 Stainless Steel: This is highly resistant to high temperatures and can be used in applications that require the use of high temperatures and high oxidation levels.
It is also resistant to corrosion and cracking hence can be used in environments that other grades cannot fit in.
Grade 430 Stainless Steel: It has a low tensile strength (450 MPa) compared to grades 304 and 316. It offers resistance to nitric acid and can be used with several applications.
Grade 434 Stainless Steel: Grade 434 stainless steel comes with a tensile strength of about 540 MPa and it has an operating temperature of about 815˚C.
It is therefore stronger compared to grade 430 and offer better resistance to temperature compared to grade 316.
It offers better resistance to pitting than grade 430.
Grade 434 Stainless Steel
Grade 420 Stainless Steel: Grade 420 stainless steel is not resistant to chemicals but it has high tensile strength and can resist water, mild acids, food compounds and some alkalis.
It is usually used to make cutlery.
200 stainless steel series: it is best when in combination with 300 series which produces approximately 75% stainless steel.
It comprises of chromium, carbon, manganese and nickel and cold working can be used to harden it but still it cannot resist corrosion.
Ferritic: gives superior engineering properties, more resistant to corrosion, and contains low amounts of nickel and chromium and some contain lead hence cheaper.
Ferritic Stainless Steel Sheet Metal
Martensitic: it is made up of molybdenum, chromium, carbon and nickel. It is less corrosion resistant when compared to ferritic.
Duplex: a combination of ratio 1:1 of austenitic and ferritic stainless steels with less allow content and less nickel and more chromium giving it the ability to resist corrosion, pitting and cracking.
It is also pocket friendly and is preferred by many manufacturers.
Precipitation-hardening martensitic: this offers better resistance to corrosion compared to the other steel metals from the same class and can be used for applications that need stronger stainless-steel options.
Fabrication process consists of several steps of cutting and forming and joining procedures that are meant to remove or deform stainless steel sheet metal material into the designed shape.
Cutting Stainless Steel
There exist two varying types of stainless-steel cutting processes; shear and non-shear.
Shear cutting: This is popularly used in making parts that are not used in industries.
Shearing, cutting and blanking are some of the processes included in this stage.
The process of cutting, uses a single blade to cut into the material.
Shearing is, basically, the same action as using scissors to cut through a material.
Lower and upper blade cut in a straight line while one blade cuts through, the other one remains constant.
Shear Cutting Of Stainless Steel
Blanking is the process of punching holes into the stainless-steel sheet metal.
Non-shear cutting: It is the process especially employed in cutting integral components or parts that require high accuracy and precision by industries that create parts and components in large scale.
Non-shear cutting can be achieved through several methods and some are described below:
-Laser Beam Cutting which uses highly powered laser beams,
-Plasma Cutting which uses accelerated plasma beams to cut sheet metals which can conduct electricity,
-Waterjet Cutting which uses waterjet machines and does not produce heat.
Water Jet Cutting Of Stainless Steel
Forming Stainless Steel Metal
Forming is the stainless-steel sheet metal fabrication process which deforms or bends the metal into the required shape.
Unlike in cutting, where material is subtracted, in forming the material is reshaped and no mass is lost.
The processes in this procedure include stamping, roll forming, bending and stretching.
Bending can be achieved through the use of press brakes or through handwork and the shapes could be u-bends or v-bends.
A Bent Stainless Steel Sheet Metal
Stretching, involves the use of a stretcher, or hammer and dolly or English wheel to elongate the stainless steel by pulling it without separating it.
Roll forming which is also the same as bending is the process which allows formation of coil shapes by passing it via a pair of rolls.
Joining The Stainless Steel Sheets
This is the last stage in the process of the stainless steel sheet metal fabrication.
After the cutting and the bending processes, two or more components may need to be fused together to form the required product.
The assembling can be done through processes such as; brazing, welding, adhesives and riveting.
Welding is the process that joins sheets of metals by adding a filler, blazing is the process that joins two metals through a melted filler, adhesives use bonding.
That is to join stainless steel sheet metal together or by combining other assembling methods together to form a bond between two metal sheets.
Welding of Stainless-Steel Sheet
After the stainless-steel sheet metal fabrication process.
There are secondary processes done on the created parts and component in order to achieve the finishing and the end product that was designed.
The finishing techniques and procedures available for finishes may include; deburring, sandblasting, coating or annealing.
These secondary procedures are aimed to add more quality to the surface.
Or to improve the applicability and material properties of certain parts such as resistance to corrosion and improved conductivity.
In conclusion, stainless steel sheet metal fabrication is the manufacturing procedure that converts metals into desired shapes, designs and contours.
That is by cutting, bending and assembling.
The process is very flexible and is key in building the tools and equipment which drive the world’s economy.
Standard: The standard finish means the part maintains the original state achieved after forming and bending stage.
A welded part may need passivation or pickling to ensure that all of its surface properties are uniform in all the surfaces.
It is the most commonly used surface finish for stainless steel sheet metal.
Stainless Steel Before And After Passivation
Powder Coating: This method creates a strong and perfect surface finish.
There are alloys of stainless steel like grade 304 and 301 that do not offer much resistance to chemicals.
Such can be countered by the use of powder coating to improve corrosion resistance properties.
Bead Blasting: This process is intended to create a uniform and smooth matte finish by blasting the surface lightly mostly for cosmetic purposes.
A Bead Blasted Stainless Sheet Metal
There are several parts that can be produced through stainless steel metal fabrication.
That is depending on the need, design and shape of the application through these processes; cutting, bending, annealing, joining, folding, drawing, welding, brazing, roll forming, pressing and punching.
Some of these parts are listed below:
- Sheet meat chassis,
- Bespoke trolley
- Integral parts
- Comms parts
- Opti blender
- Steam duct
- Hopper component
A Stainless Steel Sheet Metal Enclosure
- Lathe Machine: It is a multi-purpose fabrication machine that can be used for welding, cutting, knurling, drilling, facing and turning.
That is by rotating the workpiece to maintain motion at every stage.
- Grinding Machine: This is used to create smoothness on metal sheets through the use of an abrasive material.
That is, one which is rotated very fast to remove the residue from all the surfaces and this leads to creation of a polished and smoothed surface.
- Drilling Machine: This machine is easy to use and offers multi-purpose usage and is available in almost every household and can drill metal, cement, and concreate.
Stainless Steel Drilling Machine
- Broaching Machine: It is basically of two types. That is rotator and linear and can remove metal form another machine through the use of broach hence important when it comes to the production of metal parts.
- Shaper Machine: This machine uses a single-point edge to cut, moving in a linear motion to create cuts on the material and produce desire sizes.
It has another advantage because it is easier to use.
- Saw Machine: A saw machine is made of a rotating blade which is used to create cuts on metals producing the desired pieces.
They create a fine finish and are applied in the primary stage of stainless-steel metal sheet fabrication.
An Automatic Band Saw Machine
Some of the types here include; Hack saw, Band saw and Circular saw.
- Planer Machine: Planer machine the same as shaper machines, there is only one difference which is, the tool is stationary and the workpiece rotates in a linear motion.
It is also larger compared to the shaper machines.
- Hobbing Machine: This is an improved form of the old milling machine. This is a special kind of cutting tool that is used to make splines and spur gears.
It is not as expensive as other cutting tools and can perform multiple functions.
- Shearing Machine: This is a special kind of cutting machine which does not form residual materials.
Or chips and are usually used to cut stainless steel metal sheets into smooth pieces, piercing and blanking.
- Drill Press: It is an improved version of the original hand drill machine. They offer more stability and are easy to handle they create drills that are more accurate and precise.
- Hem Band Saw: It is a very specialized cutting tool which is used for cutting metals at the angles 45, 60 and 90 degrees.
It offers stability and it is easy to handle and control since it allows adjustment of pressure, guide arm and blade tension.
A Hem Band Saw
The user can easily observe the cutting process as the machine moves because it can be controlled manually through a control feature placed Infront.
It is a key in the stainless-steel fabrication process since it can handle multiple tasks such as notching, shearing, punching, cambering, bending rods, channels, bars and flat metals.
- Iron Worker: This machine is broadly used in stainless steel fabrication to perform a number of tasks such as notching, shearing, punching, cambering, bending rods, channels, bars and flat metals.
- Press Brake and Cambering Machine: the press brake is the machine used in converting stainless steel metal sheets into channels, girders, angles and sections and process is so simple. It creates bends on the steel metal sheets through the use of a die and a punch and clamping the metals in the process.
A Press Brake Machine
A cambering machine, similar to press brake, is used to form a new shape on the stainless metal sheet.
That is by transforming them into horizontal and vertical arcs instead of creating beams and sections.
- Cold Saw: It is one of the cheapest machines for cutting since it is made in a way that it can be hand-held and can be carried around easily.
It creates vey smooth and fine finishes through the rotation of blades at a high speed and can be used on an electronic motor, toothed blade, and circular blade.
- Oxy- Gas Torches: This machine employs the use of various fuel gases or oxygen in cutting and welding stainless steel metal sheet components.
They can also be used in metal sheet fabrication processes.
Some of the fuel’s gases used here are propylene, gasoline, hydrogen and acetylene.
An Oxy Gas Torch
They specifically recommended for small-scale stainless steel sheet metal fabrication and involves solving problems such as straightening defects.
- Magnetic Drill: A magnetic drill device is what is used for drilling holes in stainless steel metal sheets and components.
It is recommended in cases where heavy metal drilling is needed, weights that can’t be lifted easily. It is designed with a permanent and durable magnetic base.
Stainless steel Metal sheet fabrication is a multi-stage process which involves multiplex operational and structural processes and these machines help in lowering the labor expenses.
304 Stainless Steel is the most commonly used steel and below is the thickness range and tolerance for each gauge.
Gauge Thickness Thickness Tolerance
11 gauge 0.120″ | 3.05 mm ± 0.005
12 gauge 0.109″ | 2.78mm ± 0.009 | ± 0.23mm
14 gauge 0.078″ | 1.98mm ± 0.007 | ± 0.18mm
16 gauge 0.063″ | 1.59mm ± 0.006 | ± 0.15mm
18 gauge 0.050″ | 1.27mm ± 0.005 | ± 0.13mm
20 gauge 0.038″ | 0.95mm ± 0.004 | ± 0.10mm
22 gauge 0.031″ | 0.79 mm ± 0.004 | ± 0.10mm
24 gauge 0.025″ | 0.64 mm ± 0.003 | ± 0.08mm
304 Stainless Steel Of 24 Gauge
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